Robust Anderson transition in non-Hermitian photonic quasicrystals

Longhi, Stefano
Optics Letters 49, 1373-1376 (2024)

Anderson localization, i.e., the suppression of diffusion in lattices with a random or incommensurate disorder, is a fragile interference phenomenon that is spoiled out in the presence of dephasing effects or a fluctuating disorder. As a consequence, Anderson localization–delocalization phase transitions observed in Hermitian systems, such as in one-dimensional quasicrystals when the amplitude of the incommensurate potential is increased above a threshold, are washed out when dephasing effects are included. Here we consider localization–delocalization spectral phase transitions occurring in non-Hermitian (NH) quasicrystals with local incommensurate gain and loss and show that, contrary to the Hermitian case, the non-Hermitian phase transition is robust against dephasing effects. The results are illustrated by considering synthetic quasicrystals in photonic mesh lattices.

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