Nonlinear dynamics in fluids

Fluid flows occur in a huge range of scales, from blood capillaries to atmospheric weather systems. The way in which substances are transported has large impacts, e.g., on how pollutants arrive to distant locations, plankton meets the nutrients, or into the whole heat balance involved in the Earth climate.

At IFISC we develop techniques useful to characterize transport in fluids, quantify stretching, mixing, and connectivity between parts of a fluid. We apply them to geophysical settings, mostly in the ocean. We develop tools to identify barriers to the transport of oxygen and nutrients, evaluate the ecological implications of larval transport, or track the origins of water vapor masses transported by atmospheric winds.


Researchers

  • Emilio Hernández-García

    Emilio Hernández-García

  • Cristóbal López

    Cristóbal López

Recent and ongoing Research projects

CAFE

Climate Advanced Forecasting of sub-seasonal Extremes

P.I.: Emilio Hernández-García
CAFE is a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network, funded by theEuropean Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme Climate extremes such as heat waves or tropical storms have huge social and economic ...

LAMARCA

Lagrangian transport of marIne litter and microplastics in coastal waters: structures of transport and connectivity patterns

P.I.: Emilio Hernández-García, Cristóbal López
The aim of this project is to further understand the role of oceanic transport in marine litter (microplastics and meso/macrolitter) dispersion and accumulation areas in the sea surface, along the water column ...

MdM-IFISC-2

Maria de Maeztu 2023-2026

P.I.: Ernesto Estrada, Ingo Fischer, Emilio Hernández-García, Rosa Lopez, Claudio Mirasso, Jose Javier Ramasco, Raúl Toral, Roberta Zambrini
After 15 years of its existence, IFISC can point to a proven track record of impactful research. The previous 2018-2022 MdM award has significantly enhanced the institute's capabilities, as demonstrated by an ...

Recent Publications

Wave Breaking Events and their link to Rossby Wave Packets and Atmospheric Blockings during Southern Hemisphere Summer

Pérez-Fernández, Iago; Barreiro, Marcelo; Ehstand, Noémie; Hernández-García, Emilio; López, Cristóbal
Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, to appear , (2024)

Optimal wave reflection as a mechanism for seagrass self-organization

van de Vijsel, Roeland C. ; Hernandez-Garcia, Emilio ; Orfila, Alejandro; Gomila, Damia
Scientific Reports 13, 20278 (1-15) (2023)

A Lagrangian model for drifting ecosystems reveals heterogeneity-driven enhancement of marine plankton blooms

Ser-Giacomi, Enrico; Martinez-Garcia, Ricardo; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Follows, Micheal J.
Nature Communication 14, 6092 (2023)

Lagrangian studies in the Western Mediterranean Sea

Rojas Martinez, Ivonne (supervisors: C. Lopez, E. Ser-Giacomi)
Master Thesis (2023)

Lyapunov Exponents for Temporal Networks

Caligiuri, Annalisa; Eguiluz, Victor; Di Gaetano, Leonardo; Galla, Tobias; Lacasa, Lucas
Physical Review E 107, 044305 (2023)

Related News

Ocean wave reflection by seagrass patterns may protect coasts against flooding

Dec. 22, 2023
New study shows that spatial patterns in seagrass meadows such as Posidonia oceanica can be explained by the interaction of seagrass growth and ocean wave reflection.The researchers propose that this mechanism may improve the capacity of these coastal ecosystems ...

Heterogeneity leads to increased marine plankton blooms, model shows

Oct. 24, 2023
The study, published in Nature Communications, shows that dilution and mixing of water patches with different properties can significantly increase plankton biomass growth in response to local nutrient injections.The approach used allows a deeper and more precise understanding of ...

Measuring bottlenecks in the ocean

Sept. 1, 2021
The ocean provides a fluid environment with complex patterns of flow and dispersal for the organisms that live within it. How these flows transport organisms is relevant for biodiversity with potentially important implications for ecosystem health and climate. An international ...

A study analyses how microplastics sink in the Mediterranean Sea

March 10, 2021
A study, with participation of IFISC (UIB-CSIC) researchers, describes how microplastics sink in the Mediterranean Sea and analyses the consequences for their dispersion and distribution throughout the water column. The work, published in Ocean Science, proposes a model for the ...

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